Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a standard security protocol or technology that provide communication security over a computer network. Summary of the article:

  • What is SSL?
  • History and Development

What is SSL?
Secure Sockets Layer or SSL is a standard security protocol for establishing encrypted links between a web server and a browser in an online communication. This link ensures that all data passed between the web server and web browsers remains private and encrypted. This is an industry standard and is used by millions of websites to protect their online transactions with their customers.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is the predecessor of Transport Layer Security (TLS) and both frequently referred to as SSL. It allows sensitive information such as credit card numbers, social security numbers, and login credentials to be transmitted securely. Normally the web server and web browser transfer data in plain text. That’s why the attacker can easily see the data. Currently all the web browser have the capabilities to interact with the SSL protocol. To create an SSL connection a web server requires an SSL certificate.

History and Development
The first version of SSL version 1.0 was developed by the Netscape. But due to serious security flaws version 1.0 never publicly released. The second version SSL 2.0 was released in February 1995. This version also has number of security flaws. Version 3.0 was released in 1996.

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